"Chests are created as cages; a lot of things enter them while few come out, and cages seldom understand the language of wings”. In those brief words, Bob Denard, commander of military coups in Africa, ended his interview with an African journalist who asked him...

During preparations for my doctoral dissertation in political science entitled “Iranian-Israeli relations and its impact on the Arab interests- from 1979 to 2018”, I learned Hebrew and little of Persian, a matter that helped me read some old references that their authors did not manage...

The Somali federal government recently announced the opening of Kenyan consulates in Kismaayo (Jubaland) and Hargeisa (Somaliland). As soon as the news spread to the African elite, conflicting views doubting or affirming that news emerged. Since President Mohamed Farmajo came to power in 2017, Somalia seems...

I paid a visit to the sisterly Republic of The Niger and was hosted by its distinguished Parliament throughout my research period and offered all the facilities to achieve my work in the best manner possible. Special thanks go to the Adviser to the Nigerien...

There may be pure strategies that were the result of force majeure rather than of free choice or deeply rooted wisdom. As such, they are considered strategies of necessity instead of strategies of choice, of survival rather than of triumph. With these words I concluded my...

Africa’s leading poet Pancol Reiner says in his wonderful poem “The Amputee Congo”: Tens of years and your sons bleed to build the cities of Belgium, And when the Africans of Congo refused to collect red rubber for colonizers, They were plagued by the civilization of massacre...

Till the year 2014, the Ethio-Gulf relations didn’t amount to the level of real political interaction. The Gulf economic presence in Ethiopia exceeds its political presence which is limited to one diplomatic representative in Addis Ababa. Ethiopia has found the Gulf investments on its own...

The word “Azawad” may not have significance in intellectual dialogues in the Gulf countries because it’s an issue that didn’t try to impose itself in the Gulf press. In my own opinion, this can be attributed to the Malian people being convinced that the Gulf...

In last February, I received an official invitation from Niger’s Parliament adviser, Dr. Mohamed Giraud to visit his country. I did not have a modern picture in mind for Niger other than that old historic one, for Niger was part of the ancient Kingdom of Bornu...

In his book “A Discourse on Politics”, the late journalist Mohamed Hassanein Heikal states: "Understanding is necessary before final judgment, but to a reasonable extent, because exaggerated understanding might deliver judgments invalid. If humans became intellectually superior they tend to appreciate things, which will make...

I have often been asked about the secret behind my belief in Africans, and their ability to forget the past, shape the present, and transcend future visions. I always begin my answer with the words of late Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe: “My initial novel which...

The Saudi capital, Riyadh, is preparing to convene a joint Saudi-African summit by next November; however, I think that this summit will face several obstacles. On the light of the current Gulf crisis, this summit could witness a buy-in of the positions of some African...

Whosoever studies the Somali-Djibouti history will realize that it is the same history but unfortunately shaped by a conflicting environment despite that it originated amid a peaceful coexistent environment that once led one of the longest wars in history against colonization commanded by leader Mohammed...

Fortunately, most of what I face in life is criticism, which is often focused around two points that I recently began to respond to after a decade of ignorance. The first one is that I’m an extemporary person of impromptu, rash speech that endeavors to reach...

Yesterday, while I was quite busy my phone rang, and without identifying the caller, I answered and heard to my surprise the voice of an old friend from sister country Somalia whom I haven’t met for more than two years. She told me that she...

I spent and extended my whole vacation in Africa, and also spent the entire Holy Month of Ramadan between its villages and among its people. I witnessed the Happy Eid al-Fitr among African crowds whom I accompanied to the Eid Prayer in a magnificent solemn...

The history of Afro-Gulf relations dates back to the pre-Islamic times. The people of the Arabian Peninsula first knew about Africa when the Arabs of Yemen, then so-called "The Sulaimaniyah Race"* founded the Kingdom of Axum in 325 BC. That kingdom was one of the...

Whosoever studies the Somali-Djibouti history will realize that it is the same history but unfortunately shaped by a conflicting environment despite that it originated amid a peaceful coexistent environment that once led one of the longest wars in history against colonization commanded by leader Mohammed...

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